DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

BAB 6

DESCRIPTIVE

(SKL NO. 6)

  1. I. RANGKUMAN MATERI

Descriptive Text merupakan salah satu “genre” text yang muncul dalam UN, SKL no 6.

Descriptive Text adalah text yang medeskripsikan, menggambarkan tentang seseorang, sesuatu benda, atau suatu tempat tertentu.

(To describe persons, things, places in particular/certain/specific).

Yang digambarkan dalam teks tersebut meliputi :ciri fisik, tingkah laku, sifat-sifat, kemampuan, tempat tinggal, dan sebagainya.

Text Descriptive termasuk kelompok “Genre Text” karena text tersebut mempunyai bagian-bagian text tertentu, yang terbagi dalam beberapa paragraph.

Text ini menggunakan “Simple present tense”, sehingga ciri-ciri text ini menggunakan:

–          V1(infinitive) /Don’t untuk “I”,”You”, “We”, “They” atau jika S (pelaku) berjumlah jamak/lebih dari satu.

–          Vs/doesn’t untuk “He”, “She”, “It”, atau jika S/pelaku tunggal.

–          Tobe yang digunakan juga harus “To be” present yaitu “is, am, are”.

–          Modal yang digunakan harus dalam bentuk “present’, yaitu; can, may, must/have to, will/shall.

Generic Structure (bagian text) dalam text descriptive adalah:

  1. Identification: Terletak pada paragraph awal, atau kalimat pertama di paragraph awal.

Fungsi dari Identification adalah menunjuk benda, orang atau tempat yang  akan dideskripsikan/digambarkan. Sehingga gambaran bendanya khusus ditujukan pada benda yang sudah ditunjuk tersebut. Contoh:

This is my house. It is located on Jl Mataram no 34 Banyumas.

Identification

Benda yang akan digambarkan “hanya” sebatas “rumahku”.

Function of dentification:

– To introduce main idea

– To identify the subject

– To tell what the topic of the text is.

  1. Descriptions: Gambaran dari benda yang sudah ditunjuk tersebut.

Yang digambarkan adalah:

–          Appearance/performance: Tampang/penampilan

–          Physical features: ciri-ciri fisik

–          Behavior/habit: kebiasaan/tingkah laku

–          Ability: Kemampuan

–          Food : makanan

–          Specific features: cirri khusus

–          The danger: Bahaya

–          The advantages: Keuntungan

–          The use: kegunaan

–          Size: ukuran, etc

Pertanyaan yang sering ditanyakan dalam UN :

  1. Pertanyaan tersirat:

–          What is the best title of the text?

–          What is the main idea of the text?

–          What is the main idea of the first paragraph/second paragraph?

–          Paragraph three talks about……..

–          Which paragraph tells us the appearance of “Bear”?

–          What is the function/the purpose of the text?

–          Paragraph one has the function to…..

  1. Pertanyaan tersurat:

( Pertanyaan ini menayakan What, Why, Where, When, How, Which, Whose dsb yang berhubungan dengan isi text)

–          Where does it happen?

–          What is Mr. Partono?

–          How does she manage her time?

  1. Reference: Menanyakan “pronoun”.

–          The word “this” refers to…..

–          What does the word “ These” refer to?

–          The word “them” refers to…..

  1. D. Vocabularies: Kosa-kata.

–          What is the similar meaning of the word”….”?

–          What is the opposite meaning of…….

–          The synonym of the word “….” is……

–          The antonym of the word “…” is……

  1. II. CONTOH SOAL YANG MUNCUL DALAM UN

The Mightiest Archipelago

The Indonesian archipelago is by far the world’s largest group of 13.667 islands which stretches across 5,120 km (3,200 miles) of tropical seas like a string of emeralds. When superimposed on a map of North America, Indonesia stretches from Oregon all the way to Bermuda. On a map of Europe, the archipelago extends from Ireland past the Caspian Sea. More than 200 million people inhabit this archipelago.

Known to anthropologists and naturalists as The Malay equatorial line”, the equatorial line is an imaginary line dividing the earth into two parts from east to west in the tropical zone. This makes

Indonesia have two seasons, the wet and dry season. Because of its location many kinds of flora and fauna live here. According to the astronomical location, Indonesia lies between 6° North Latitude and 11° South Latitude and between y5° East Longitude and 141° East Longitude.

  1. Where is Oregon?

A.  In Europe                   C.   In Indonesia

B.   In America                D.  On the equator

  1. What is paragraph one about?

A.  The length of Indonesia

B.   The Indonesia’s product

C.   The size of Indonesia

D.  The Indonesia’s people

  1. Indonesia is rich of flora and fauna because …

A.  of its seasons

B.   it lies in the tropical zone

C.   it lies on 6° North latitude

D.  it is exactly in the middle of the earth

  1. Which statement is suitable with the text?

A.  Longitude is an imaginary line that parallel with the equatorial line

B.   Indonesia is called The Malay Archipelago by Indonesians.

C.   The area of the equatorial line is also called the tropical zone

D.  Indonesia is inhabited by 200 million people

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 15 soal no 14,15,16,17)

Jawab:

1. B

Pembahasan:

2. A.

Pembahasan:

3. B

Pembahasan:

4. C

Pembahasan:

Our school is on Jalan Sudirman. It has eighteen classrooms, two laboratories, library, one headmaster’s room, one teachers’ room, one staff room, one music room, computer’s room, and one canteen. We always hold a flag ceremony in our school yard: school yard is not so big, that’s why if we have PE lesson, we practice at the field beside school.

  1. Where do they always hold a flag ceremony?

A.  In the room                C.   Beside their school

B.   At the field                 D.  In their school yard

  1. The students don’t practice their PE lesson at the school yard because it is …

A.  big                             C.   wide

B.   long                           D.  small

  1. We always hold a flag ceremony….” (line 3)

What does the underlined word refer to?

A.  The writer and his teachers

B.   All the teachers of the school

C.   The students in the writer’s class

D.  The writer and his schoolmates

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 15 soal no 22,23,24)

Jawab:

5. D

Pembahasan:

6. D

Pembahasan:

7. D

Pembahasan:

Elizabeth II, born on April 21, 1926, is the eldest daughter of George V1 and Elizabeth bowes-Lyon. She married Philip Mountbatten, a distant cousin, in 1947; the pair has four children: Charles, Prince of Wales, Anne, Andrew and Edward. She is the first monarch to send her children to boarding schools in order to remove them from the ever-probing media. She has a strong sense of duty and diligence. Her knowledge of current situations and trends is up to date. She possesses a sense of humour rarely exhibited in public where a dignified presence is her goal.

  1. The text is about …

A.  Charles                      C.   Elizabeth II

B.   Andrew                     D.  Prince Mounthatten

  1. Elizabeth II was… years old in 2007…

A.  80                              C.   90

B.   81                              D.  91

  1. Anne is one of the…of George VI.

A.  sons                           C.   grandsons

B.   daughters                   D.  granddaughters

  1. ‘She possesses a sense of humour rarely exhibited.

The underlined word means…

A.  hidden                        C.   found

B.   shown                        D.  given

(UNAS 20087/2008 PAKET 15 soal no 10,11,12,13)

Jawab:

8. C

Pembahasan:

9. B

Pembahasan:

10. D

Pembahasan:

11. B

Pembahasan:

One of the most interesting places to visit in Singapore is the bird park. It is located in the industrial area of Singapore, called Jurong. The bird park is about twelve kilometers from the centre of the city, and it’s easy to get there by bus or by taxi.

It is one of the largest bird park in the world. The birds are kept in large cages, and there are hundreds of beautiful birds from many different parts of the world, including penguins, parrots, eagles and ostriches. There is a large lake in the park, with a restaurant beside it, and there is also a very large cage which you can walk inside to get closer looking at the birds.

It takes about two hours to see all the birds. You can walk around the park or ride on the bus. The best time to visit the park is in the early morning or late afternoon, when it is cooler.

12. When is the best time to visit the bird park?

A. Early in the morning.

B. In the afternoon.

C. Late at night.

D. At midnight.

13. It is located in the industrial area of Singapore, called Jurong. (paragraph 1)

The underlined ward is closest in meaning with ….

  1. included
  2. situated
  3. kept
  4. rebuilt

(UNAS 2008/2009 PAKET 15 soal no 3,4)

Jawab:

12. A

Pembahasan:

13. B

Pembahasan:

Read the text and answer questions 14 to l6.

San Francisco is my favorite city in the United States. It is beautiful, clean, not too big, and it has something for everybody. I love the streets and buildings in San Francisco. The streets wind up and down the hills, with beautiful old brick and wooden houses on either side.

One of my favorite things to do in San Francisco is to ride the cable car. It takes you to most parts of the city. It’s not a very comfortable ride, but it’s exciting and the views you get from the car are wonderful.

I like the weather in San Francisco. It never gets too cold or too hot. The summers are pleasant. The fresh breezes blow off the ocean and the sky is always blue. It rains quite a lot in the winter, but it never gets very cold.

Another thing I enjoy about the city is the restaurants. The seafood restaurant with crabs and lobster are my favorites. You can also get great Chinese, Japanese, American, and European food in San Francisco.

14. The text is about San Francisco which …

A.  is a tourists destination

B.   has a bad weather

C.   is the writer’s favourite city in USA

D.  has a comfortable transportation

15. ‘From the text above we know that the streets in San Francisco are not …

A.  straight                      C.   long

B.   wide                          D.  narrow

16. “But it’s exciting and the views you get from the car are wonderful.”

The synonym of the underlined word is ….

A.  facilities                     C.   service

B.   scenery                      D.  focus

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 48 soal no 8-10)

Jawab:

14.

Pembahasan:

15.

Pembahasan:

16.

Pembahasan:

Read the text and answer questions 17 to 20.

Indonesia consists of different ethnic groups, languages, cultures and traditions. The 17,000 islands forming the world’s largest archipelago chain is the home to more than 200 million people descended from over 200 different ethnic groups. There are over 350 diffcrent languages spoken. Bahasa Indonesia, the national language., seems to be a second language and not their mother tongue. It is spoken as the first language only in the provinces of West Sumatra and the Riau Islands.

Though Bahasa Indonesia is derived from I3ahasa Melayu, there are some differences ill meaning and pronunciation. Recently, there is a move to make Bahasa Indonesia (and Bahasa Melayu) accepted as one of the official Languages of the .Association of South East Asian Countries. This would give great significance to Bahasa Indonesia and make the learning of it more useful for the use not only in Indonesia but also in Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.

17. How many ethnic groups does Indonesia ‘have?

A.  About 350                  C.   Less than 200

B.   More than 200            D.  Around 170

18. Paragraph 1 tells us about Indonesia as … that consists of different ethnic groups,

languages, cultures and traditions.

A.  an archipelago            C.   a population

B.   a mother tongue         D.  a chain

19. Which statement is NOT TRUE about the Indonesian language?…

A.  There is a move to make it as one of the official languages of Asean

B.   It is the national language of Indonesia

C.   It is the mother tongue of all Indonesian people

D.  It is derived from the Malay language

20. The Indonesian language becomes the second language for many ethnic groups

because …

A.  they have their own mother tongues

B.   they think their languages are not good

C.   they want their own languages to be a national language

D.  the Indonesian language has been used by other countries

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 48 soal no 14-17)

Jawab:

17.

Pembahasan:

18.

Pembahasan:

19.

Pembahasan:

20.

Pembahasan:

Read the following text and answer questions 21 to 23.

The students usually go to the library during the break. There are a lot of books; magazines, newspapers, novels, fables, and short stories.

The students should have a member card to borrow books. They can borrow the books at the same time for three days. If they return the book late, they will be fined Rp100,00 for each book. There is a notice in the library stating `Keep Silence’. It means they must not make a noise in the library. Much noise will disturb other students who are reading.

When students want to borrow books from the school library, they may go to the bookshelves to choose the books. They can find them easily because they are arranged well. The librarian will also help the students find the books.

21. How long can a student borrow a book?

A.  Two days                   C.   Four days

B.   Three days                 D.  A week

22. Nina borrowed two books. She returned them after a week. How much will she be fined?

A.  One hundred              C.   Four hundred

B.   Two hundred              D.  Seven hundred

23. “… because they are arranged well.”

(Paragraph 3) What does the word “they” refer to?

A.  The students              C.   The books

B.   the librarians              D.  The book shelves

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 48 soal no 22-24)

Jawab:

21.

Pembahasan:

22.

Pembahasan:

23.

Pembahasan:


  1. III. EVALUASI

A. PAKET 1

Text for no 1-3

My School

My school, SMP Bina Nusa, is at Gejayan village close to the northern outer ring road of Sleman Regency.

My school is big. It has 18 clean classrooms, ten clean toilets, four laboratories, a big library, a teacher room, a staff room, and a headmaster room. It has a beautiful school park in the centre of the school.

The computer room is next to the library and  the sports hall is behind the classrooms next to the biology laboratory. There is a large school canteen beside the sports hall.

There are notice boards in every classroom. There is also a beautiful mosque in front of he sports hall.

The most interesting place is the language laboratory in which I can study various skills of several languages. It uses some computerized learning software to guide the students in studying the languages.

1. What is the text about?

A. The location of the writer’s school

B. The classrooms at the writer’s school

C. The description of the writer’s school

D. The description of the writer’s laboratory

2. Where does the writer like to study English?

A. In the classroom

B. In the school library

C. In front of the sports hall

D. In the language laboratory

3 “ at Gejayan village close to the northern outer

ring road (par. 1). The synonym  of the

underlined word is …

A. far from

B. behind

C. next to

D. near

Text for no 4-7

Low Rider Bicycle

May be you are wondering what a low rider bicycle is? It’s not a car or a motorbike but it’s actually a bicycle.

What is so special about these low rider bikes? They are a type of modified bicycle originally from America. They became popular in Indonesia in 2004 and became less popular in the late 2008. “Superman is Dead” popularized the bikes in their music video clip. There is an unusual gap between the saddle and the handlebars. The bikes have a colourful design and unusual accessories.

There are three different types : The Low Rider, small, quite low to the ground. The Cruiser which is little bit higher then the Low Rider and the Chopper which has high handle bars.

These low rider bikes are good for leisure cycling but not for a long distance cycling. That’s why old people do not like such a kind of bicycle. They feel more comfortable riding usual bikes.

4. What makes the low rider bikes special?

A. There is unusual gap between the

saddle and the handle bars.

B. They are from America and became

popular in Indonesia in 2006

C. The bikes are comfortable for long

distance cycling

D. The bikes are like usual bikes in

Indonesia.

5. What does paragraph 2 mostly tell about?

A. The accessories of the low rider bikes.

B. The specific features of the low rider

bikes.

C. The suitable usage of the low rider

bikes.

D. The origin of the low rider bicycles.

6. Why don’t old people like the low rider bicycle?

Because ….

A.  It was not comfortable              ,

B. It was too difficult to ride on

C. It was only suitable for sight seeing

D. It was not good for long distance

cycling.

7. Why did the writer write such a kind of text?

A. To tell past events in popularizing the

specific bicycles.

B. To introduce the modified bicycles by

describing their features.

C. To tell the ways how to use a low rider

bicycle,

D. To amuse the readers by describing

things.

Text for no 8-11

My Uncle Martono is my mother’s elder brother. He is my favorite among my mother’s brothers. He is a very interesting man. He lives quite near us with my Aunt Angela and my cousins Anna and Boby.

He is about 45 with grey hair. He is still quite good looking. He is tall and well – built. He has black eyes and strong face. He wears glasses. He is short sighted. He takes them off when he doesn’t work.

Uncle Martono is a textile engineer. He works for a big firm in the city. He travels widely in his job. He is an expert in solving problems with machines.

At present, he is in West Sumatra. He is visiting the firm’s customers there. He is very fond of the sea. He has boat at the seaside. He goes there every last weekend to sail it.

I sometimes stay with my cousins at their house on the coast. When Uncle Martono is at home he usually takes us out in the boat.

8. The text is about ….

A. uncle Martono

B. the writer’s family

C. the writer’s uncles

D. uncle Martono’s activity

9. What is uncle Martono’s hair like?

A. long

B. strong

C. grey

D. interesting

10. How many times does uncle Martono go to the

sea side a year?

A. Four times

B. Twelve times

C. Eight times

D. Forty-eight times

11. “He is a very interesting man”. The antonym

of the underlined word is ….

A. boring

B. annoying

C. charming

D. challenging

Text for no 12-15

One of the most interesting places to visit in Singapore is the bird park. It is located in the industrial area of Singapore, called Jurong. The bird park is about twelve kilometers from the centre of the city, and it’s easy to get there by bus or by taxi.

It is one of the largest bird park in the world. The birds are kept in large cages, and there are hundreds of beautiful birds from many different parts of the world, including penguins, parrots, eagles and ostriches. There is a large lake in the park, with a restaurant beside it, and there is also a very large cage which you can walk inside to get closer looking at the birds.

It takes about two hours to see all the birds. You can walk around the park or ride on the bus. The best time to visit the park is in the early morning or late afternoon, when it is cooler.

12. When is the best time to visit the bird park?

A. Early in the morning.

B. In the afternoon.

C. Late at night.

D. At midnight.

13. It is located in the industrial area of

Singapore, called Jurong. (paragraph 1)

The underlined word is closest in meaning to.

  1. included
  2. situated
  3. kept
  4. rebuilt

14. Which statement is true about the text?

A. Jurong is the largest bird park in the world

B. Jurong is the most interesting place to visit

in Singapore

C. Jurong is exactly 12 kilometers from the

centre of the City

D. Jurong is about twelve hours driving a taxi

from the centre of the City

15. “You can walk around the park…” (Last

paragraph). The word “you” refers to….

A. quests

B. hosts

C. readers

D. visitors

Text for no 16-19

PETE SAMPRAS: He has got an oval face and thick eyebrows. He is dark. His hair is curly. He likes tennis, It’s challenging.

LEONARDO DICAPPRIO: He has got an oval face. He has fair skin. He has got quite small eyes and a small nose. He has got thick hair and it’s short. Tennis helps him get money.

VENUS WILLIAM: He has got a round face. She has got curly hair, which she wears tied back.

16. Why does Leonardo play tennis?

A.  He earns money from the sport.

  1. People give him a lot of money.
  2. It is the only sport he can do.
  3. He is good at raising money.

17.  Which is true according to the text?

A. Leonardo’s eyes are rather big.

B. William’s face isn’t round.

C. It is the only sport he can do.

D. He is good at raising money.

18. “He has got thick hair and it’s short”. The word

it refers to…..

A. skin.

B. nose

C. hair.

D. money.

19. The purpose of writing the text is….

A. to introduce some one to the reader

B. to describe PETE SAMPRAS, LEONARDO

and VENUS WILLIAM

C. to invite PETE SAMPRAS, LEONARDO

and VENUS WILLIAM to join the tennis

match.

D. to help PETE SANPRAS, LEONARDO, and

VENUS WILLIAM get some money.

Text for no 20-23

Recognized as the largest amusement park in Jakarta, Taman Impian Jaya Ancol or Ancol Dreamland provides all classes and kinds of entertainment. Ancol is especially designed for family recreation. This place, located at Jalan Lodan Timur 7 in North Jakarta, houses a water park, theme park (Dunia Fantasi or Fantasy Land), an art market, oceanarium, and Sea World.

The park was built on reclaimed land. The beach close to the park is not recommended for swimming, but is a good place to stroll and relax. Stalls along the beach serve drinks and snacks while shelters are available for sunbathers to take a break from the sun.

Ancol is also a gateway for island trips to Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand Islands). Hundreds of private boats moor every day at the Marina. The Marina is a good spot for marine recreation and sports with lots of facilities, such as paddle boats, canoes, sailing boats, and fishing gear.

20. What is the text about?

  1. Jakarta.

B.  Taman Impian Jaya Ancol.

  1. Kepulauan Seribu.
  2. The Marina.

21. What does the word “houses” in “ … houses a

water park … “ mean?

A. offers

B. builds

C. sells

D. serves

22. Sunbathers stop sunbathing for a while at …

A. the parks

B. the stalls

C. the shelters

D. an art market

23. What is the last paragraph about?

A .The Marina, Ancol.

B. The Marina, Kepulauan Seribu.

C. Kepulauan Seribu, Ancol.

D. Ancol, Jakarta.

Text for no 24-25

Iam an SMP student. My name is rafika. I have one sister and three brothers. My sister’s name is Susiana. I call her Susi. My brother’s name are Gani, Bintang and Raka. My father’s name is Habibudin and my mother’s name is Luthfiana. I live with my family at Brigjen Katamso street no. 34 Jkt.

I am twelve years old. My sister is ten years old. Gani is seven years, Bintang is thirteen years and Raka, my eldest brother is two years older than Bintang. My father is forty seven and my mother is thirty eight. We are a good family.

24. What is the text about?

A. Rini’s address

B. Rini’s school

C. Rini’s family

D. Rini’s age

25. How many children do Rini’s parents have?

A. 6

B. 5

C. 4

D. 3

B. PAKET 2

Text for no 1-5

My name is Alisa. I have a sister. Her name is Ana. I have two brothers, Joe and Phill. We have all black hair and blue eyes, and we are all slim except Joe. He is very fat. Ana is very pretty, and she has a lot of boyfriends.  I have only one boy friend, his name is Kevin and he is very nice.

I look a bit fat like my father. I have his long nose and big moth but I have my mother’s personality. Joe and Phill both are like mom.

We have two uncles and an aunt. Uncle William and Aunty Agnes have three young children. Uncle Edward is only thirteen He is still a boy.

1. What is the purpose of the text?

  1. To tell about Alisa
  2. To retell past events
  3. To inform someone’s family
  4. To describe someone’s family.
  1. The best title for the text is…..
    1. Family’s personality
    2. Alisa’s family
    3. Alisa’s siblings
    4. The number of Alisa’s family
  1. We have all black hair and blue eyes….

The word “We” refers to…

  1. Alisa
  2. Ana, Joe and phill.
  3. Alisa, Ana, Joe and Phill
  4. Alisa and her sister
  1. “And we are all except Joe, he is fat”

The underlined word has similar meaning to…

  1. But
  2. Although
  3. Because
  4. When
  1. What do you know about uncle Edward?
    1. He has three children
    2. He may still study
    3. He has got married
    4. He is bit fat like my father.

Text for no 6-10

One of the most interesting carnivorous plants is the Venus Flytrap. The Venus Flytrap has hinged leaves that open and shut. The leaves look like jaw when they are open. The ends of the leaves have short, stiff hairs on them. Inside the leaves is a sweet –smelling nectar insect to drink. They are attracted by the nice smell. The plant waits patiently while the insect moves toward it. When it touches the hairs on the leaves, the leaves snap shut in less than a second, trapping the insect inside. It doesn’t close all the way at first, allowing very small insect to escape.

Digestive juices dissolve the soft parts of the insect. About a week later, all that is left of the poor insect is the hard outer part. The leaves open and what is left blow away in the wind or washes away in the rain. A pair of flytrap leaves die after about four meals. If an object that isn’t food lands in the trap, the plant doesn’t like that. It will open it up in about 12 hours and “spit” it out.

  1. What does the text mainly  talk about….
    1. A scary plant
    2. A meat eater plant
    3. A frightful insect plant
    4. A dangerous scary plant
  1. The following statements are true according to the text. Except….
    1. The plants only react to insect
    2. The plant will get let small insects free.
    3. A flytrap is a name of carnivorous plant.
    4. Carnivorous plants grow in less fertile soil.
  1. The word “dissolve” in the text refers t…..
    1. Grin to powder
    2. Comes liquid through heating
    3. Soak the liquid becomes liquid.
    4. Make liquid as the result of great heat.
  1. How does the plant catch its prey?
    1. By spreading sweet-smelling nectar
    2. By opening its leaves and shutting them quickly
    3. By trapping the insect inside the leaves
    4. By snapping shut the insect with its prey.
  1. The word “quickly” has opposite meaning as..
    1. Gently
    2. Rapidly
    3. Swiftly
    4. Shortly

Text for no 11-12

I have a new member in my family. It is a cat. I call it “Ginger”

Ginger has soft white fur and likes to click its paws. It is also very curious and likes to explore its new surroundings. It seems to like milk and fish a lot and waits eagerly as I prepare its meal. Besides, the cat that my father took from the road is very important for me. It gives me some lessons about ‘cat talk’. When it is near me it always purrs. This expresses its friendship with me. When I do my homework it often bumps its head with mine. I know this is the way to say hello. When it is curious, it sticks its whiskers straight out and twitches with excitement. Sometimes it approaches something carefully with ears pricked forward. This shows its alert. When it stalks a bird under the banyan tree beside my house, it waves its tail. This shows that it is trying to make up its mind whether to creep or pounce. As soon as it has made up its mind the waving usually stops.

Of course, I sometimes get angry with Ginger. When it feels threatened it hisses and spits. It thrashes its tail and shows its fangs. Its ears lie flat and its eyes dilate.

Ginger seems to like me a lot. I know this because it always follows me wherever I go. I thank God for giving me such nice cat.

11. The purpose of the text is …

A.  to inform the characteristics of Ginger

B.   to describe about the writer’s cat named Ginger

C.   to tell how funny the writer’s pet is

D.  to retell the writer’s experience with Ginger

12. Which one of the following statements is correct? …

A.  The writer’s father got the cat from his friend

B.   The cat loves the writer very much

C.   The cat shows its friendship by pricking its ear

D.  The cat always waves its tail to show its curiosity

Text 13-15

Kakadu National Park is on the World Heritage List.

The name Kakadu are derived from an Aboriginal Food plain language called Gaguju. Thin language is no longer regularly spoken, descendant of this language group is still living in Kakadu.

Kakadu National Park is one of the few sites in the world included for both outstanding cultural and natural attractions. The park is located in the tropical north of Australia, 120 kilometers east of Darwin. It covers a total area of 19,804 square km.

Kakadu contains features of great natural beauty and sweeping landscapes. It most outstanding landforms includes extensive wetlands and spectacular “wall of rocks”. The park contains a wide range of flora and fauna. During the wet season, rivers and creeks flood and spread out over the broad floodplains to form vast wetlands, where ducks, geese and wading birds abound.

The rich natural recourses of Kakadu have been enjoyed and used by indigenous people for least 25,000 years. The park is extremely important to aboriginal people and many communities still live in the region. Significant sites associated with the dreaming are particularly significant to Aboriginal communities.

13. The best title of the text is…..

A. World Heritage List

B. A Park

C. Kakadu National Park

D. Aboriginal Food

14. Which paragraph tells us about the condition of

the appearance of the Park?.

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

15. The word “indigenous” has the same meaning as..

A. strange

B. original

C. domestic

D. foreign

Text 4 for no 16-117

My Favorite restaurant

I like to eat out and I go to a restaurant for dinner at least twice a month. I go with my friends or my family. Our favorite restaurant is an Indian restaurant in Cleveland Street in Surry Hills. It is not very big but it is always busy. There are only a few tables in the restaurant and there is a white tablecloth on each table. There is also a vase with lovely flowers on each table. There are plants in the corners. The place is very clean and well lighted so the customer can have a nice talk while enjoying their meal. Traditional Indian music can be heard softly from the room speakers. We usually order hot curries and eat them with rice. Its Chai tea is a winner! The food is delicious but the price is affordable. In addition, the service is quick and friendly. We always have a pleasant evening at this restaurant.

16. The function of the text is…

A. to advertise my favorite restaurant

B. to invite people to come to the restaurant

C. to describe writer’s favorite restaurant.

D. to inform the delicious food in the restaurant.

17. The synonym of the word “affordable” is….

A. capable

B. reasonable

C. portable

D. credible

Text 5 for no 18-21

Paris

The city of Paris is the capita! of France, It is  very old and is built either side of the river Seine, Paris is named after a Celtic tribe called the Parisi who lived on an island in the river. Paris is famous for its museums, galleries and is a leader of fashion in the world.

My best friend is Tania Hasibuan. She lives in Sukamaju with her parents, a brother and a sister. She comes from North Sumatra and speaks Bataknesse.

Tania is 14 years old. She has an oval face, black eyes and curly hair. Her weight is 52 kilos. Her height is 162 cms. She likes to play basketball and tennis. Her favourite colour is light pink. She doesn’t like cats and dogs.

She goes to Public High School. She is learning to speak English and it is very hard. At the weekend she plays basketball and after school she plays tennis. We play basketball together. We see each other every weekend. I can tell her all my secrets because I trust her. She is a very nice friend.

18.What is the text about ? It is about the descriptions

of the writer’s ….

A. pets

B. favorite sports

C. best friend

D. physical appearance

19. Based on the descriptions, how does Tania look

like?

A. fat

B. short

C. tall

D. strong

20. How many members are there in Tania’s family ?

A. two

B. four

C. three

D. five

Text 6 for no 21-22

Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower   is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. The tower has become a global icon of France and is one of the most recognizable structures in the world.

Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the Eiffel Tower is the tallest structures in Paris tallest building. More than 200,000,000 people have visited the tower since its construction in 1889, including 6,719,200 in 2006, making it the most visited paid monument in the world. Including the 24 m (79 ft) antenna, the structure is 325 m (1,063 ft) high (since 2000), which is equivalent to about 81 levels in a conventional building.

When the tower was completed in 1889 it was the world’s tallest tower — a title it retained until 1930 when New York City‘s Chrysler Building (319 m — 1,047 ft tall) was completed. The tower is now the fifth-tallest structure in France and the tallest structure in Paris, with the second-tallest being the Tour Montparnasse (210 m — 689 ft), although that will soon be surpassed by Tour AXA (225.11 m — 738.36 ft).

21. When had the tower been constructed?

A.  Since 1889

B.  Since  2006

C.  Since 1930

D.  Since 2000

22. Which statement is un-true based on the text?

A. The Eiffel tower was designed by Gustava

Eiffel

B. The Eiffel tower was the tallest tower in

the world since 1889

C. The Eiffel tower was the most visited paid

monument in the world

D. The Eiffel tower was built behind the

Seine River in Paris.

Text for no 23-25

The Indonesian archipelago is by far the world’s largest group of 13.667 islands which stretches across 5,120 km (3,200 miles) of tropical seas like a string of emeralds. When superimposed on a map of North America, Indonesia stretches from Oregon all the way to Bermuda. On a map of Europe, the archipelago extends from Ireland past the Caspian Sea. More than 200 million people inhabit this archipelago.

Known to anthropologists and naturalists as The Malay equatorial line”, the equatorial line is an imaginary line dividing the earth into two parts from east to west in the tropical zone. This makes

Indonesia have two seasons, the wet and dry season. Because of its location many kinds of flora and fauna live here. According to the astronomical location, Indonesia lies between 6° North Latitude and 11° South Latitude and between 5° East Longitude and 141° East Longitude.

23. What is paragraph one about?

A. The length of Indonesia

B. The Indonesia’s product

C. The size of Indonesia

D. The Indonesia’s people

24. Indonesia is rich of flora and fauna because …

A.  of its seasons

B.   it lies in the tropical zone

C.   it lies on 6° North latitude

D.  it is exactly in the middle of the earth

25. Which statement is suitable with the text?

A.  Longitude is an imaginary line that parallel with the equatorial line

B.   Indonesia is called The Malay Archipelago by Indonesians.

C.   The area of the equatorial line is also called the tropical zone

D.  Indonesia is inhabited by 200 million people

C. PAKET 3

Text for no 1-4

Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta is a city in Central Java. It is one of the principal centers of Javanese culture. Yogyakarta is centered around the Sultan’s palace and it is familiarly known as “Kota Pelajar” and also famous for “Kota Gudeg”. From 1946 until 1949 it was the capital of Indonesian Republic.

Yogyakarta has a distinct and traditional Javanese character. It is why, it becomes a main tourist destination. There are many places of interest in this small town such as Jalan Malioboro. It is a bustling avenue lined with handicraft shop and restaurants. At the end of this avenue is the expensive Kraton of Sultan, and the royal pleasure gardens. Another place to visit is the Kraton of Paku Alam, another traditional ruler. The Sono Budoyo Museum, established in 1935 by the Java institute, houses prehistoric artifacts, Hindu-Javanes statues, bronzes and puppets. Other attractions include the bird market, the batik painter’s colony, the dancing school of Prince Tejokusumo, and the army museum. The Batik research Institute offers free guided tours to see the process of batik making.

1. Why does Yogyakarta become a main tourist

destination?

A. It has a Kraton Yogyakarta.

B. It is a small town, but very crowded.

C. There many places of interests.

D. It has traditional Javanese character.

2. What are there in Jalan Malioboro?

A. Museum and malls

B. Batik Painter’ colony.

C. Hadicraft stalls and restaurants.

D. Silver shop and restaurants.

3. Who reigns the Kraton of Yogyakarta?

A. A Sultan

B. A governor.

C. A King

D. An emperor.

4. We can find…in Sono Budoyo Museum.

A. prehistoric artifacts and antique furniture.

B. statues, puppets and silverware.

C. hindu-Javanese statue bronzes, puppets

and prehistoric artifacts.

D. bronzes, puppets, batik and gold.

Text for no 5-8

Wayang Kulit

Wayang Kulit is Indonesian shadow-puppet of java. In a Wayang Kulit performance, dramatic shadows of flat leather puppets are cast onto a screen, accompanied by music, narration, and dialogue. The stories are based on the ancient India epies, The Ramayana and Mahabarata. The purpose of the theatre is principally moral and religious instruction in Hinduism.

The flat puppets of Wayang Kulit theatre are cut from the cured hide of water buffalo, then decorated with intricate perforations and paint. Each puppet is supported by a central rod of buffalo horn with smaller rods to manipulate movable arms. The silhouettes of the puppets are projected onto screen the light of an oil lamp.

The central figure in wayang kulit performance is the dalang, a puppeteer and storyteller who operates the puppets while narrating the story, speaking all the dialogue, providing the sound effects, and conducting the Hindu-and-Buddhist-influenced gamelan orchestra, which provide musical accompaniment. As a full show will begin in the evening and continue until dawn, a dalang performance requires considerable endurance. The dalang is also recognized by audience members as a religious leader, or, shaman, who communicates with the spirit world during the wayang kulit performance.

The ritual function of the wayang kulit is still strong in modern-day java: performances are commissioned in villages to celebrate marriages, births, circumcisions, and celebration.

5. From the text we can infer that…

A. Wayang Kulit performance is usually

accompanied by a classical music orchestra.

B. The puppets can speak and move by themselves

C. A single wayang kulit performance is usually

performed by at least two dalangs.

D. People celebrating marriages, births, etc often

ask dalang to   perform wayang kulit.

6. Which of the words in paragraph 2 means “skin”?

A. Rod

B. Silhouette

C. Hide

D. Flat

7. Which of the following statements is incorrect based

on the text?

A. An oil lamp is needed for the performance

B. Wayang kulit show usually begins in the

morning until late at night

C. Wayang kulit puppets are made of buffalo

skin.

D. The main purpose of the theatre is moral and

religious instruction.

8. The last paragraph tells us about…

A. The characteristics of wayang kulit

B. the usage of wayang kulit in ritual

celebration

C. The kinds of wayang kulit

D. How wayang kulit works.

Text for no 9-10

Because of its warm, subtropical climate the year-round, the Miami Region has become a popular winter resort. Each year it attracts thousand of wealthy tourists, who prefer its sunshine and flowers to the cold and snow of the North. It is easy, therefore, to understand why Miami’s main occupation and largest business is entertaining tourists.

Other important occupations around Miami are fishing and agriculture. This region produces large quantities of citrus fruit as oranges, grapes, and lemons. The city also sends pineapple, papayas, avocados, coconuts and vegetables to northern markets during the winter. Miami is also important as a manufacturing centre.

9. The text above is about…

A. Subtropical climate

B. Miami region

C. Important occupations in Miami

D. Manufacturing centre.

10. What do wealthy tourists prefer in Miami?

A. They prefer the sunshine and snow

B. They prefer cold and flowers

C. they prefer flowers and sunshine

D. they prefer snow and smoke

Text for no 11-14

There are about forty teachers in my school. Most of them are kind and helpful. But my favorite one is Mrs. Rohana, my English teacher.

Mrs. Rohana is tall and slim enough. She is about thirty five years old. She is always neatly dressed. She always carries a briefcase when going to school. She uses it to keep her books and other things.

I always look forward to Mrs. Rohana’s class because it is never boring. Her jokes make her lessons interesting and lively. She advises us to read more story books to improve our English. She also encourages us to do exercises during the weekend, like jogging and swimming.

Although Mrs. Rohana is usually humorous, she can be very strict at times. She likes to give punishment to the students who do not finish the homework. She asks them to write a letter of confession.

Mrs. Rohana is also a caring person. Once I fell off my bike and had a deep cut on my knee. She washed my wound and put medicine on it. I was touched by his kindness.

I am so lucky to have a teacher like her. She is friendly, dedicated, and experienced in her work.

11. What is the best title of the text above?

A. My school teachers.

B. Forty teachers in my school

C. My favorite teacher

D. Mrs. Rohana’s class

12. Which of the following statement is correct?

A. Mrs. Rohana always gives punishment to all

students.

B. Mrs. Rahana’s class is  boring.

C. Mrs. Rohana is smart and talented teacher.

D. Mrs. Rohana is fat and slim.

13. “She also encourages us to do exercise….”

The word “us” refers to…..

  1. the writer
  2. the writer’s friends
  3. the writer and friends
  4. the writer and the teacher

14. The main idea of paragraph two is….

A. Mrs. Rohana’s appearance

B. Mrs. Rohana’s students

C. Mrs. Rohana.s joke

D. Mrs. Rohana’s school

Text for no 15-17

Riki and Raka are two dolphins in a show at a “Samudra” Aquarium, which is a very famous Aquarium in my town. Everyday they perform for the audiences who comes to watch them. Riki and Raka know many tricks. They jump through hoops. They walk across the mater using their tails. They leap high out of the writer to take a fish from the dolphin trainer.

Riki and Raka are beautiful dolphins. They are about 13 feet long. They each weigh about 400 pounds. They can stay under mater for almost 20 minutes while holding their breath. Riki and Raka are very gentle animals. All the audience love seeing them dance and perform many attractions.

15. The function of the text is…..

A. to describe dolphin in general

B. to tell a story about dolphin

C. to describe about Riki and Raka

D. to tell past activity about Riki and Raka.

16. Paragraph 2 tells us about…..

A. the definition of the dolphin

B. the size of Riki and Raka

C. the characteristics of Riki and Raka

D. the beauty of the dolphin.

17. From the text we know that Riki and Raka

are….animals.

A. smart and wild

B. smart and strong

C. smart and lazy

D. smart and weak

Text for no 18-20

His name is Gufron Adinata. He is a dermatologist. He works in the morning hours at “International Hospital” in Yogyakarta. The working hours are from 7.00 a.m until 1.00 p.m. Then he goes home, has lunch with his family, takes a nap for a while.

At 3.oo p.m he gets up then prepares his work at home. He stars his private practice at about 4.p.m. and finishes his work at 9.30 p.m.

He likes being a dermatologist as he can help other people to be free from sufferings of skin disease.

18. The writer wrote the text to……

A. present a new information about

dermatologist

B. to explain the works of dermatologist

C. to describe a certain subject, Ghufron

Adinata.

D. to retell past experiences of Ghufron

Adinata.

19. “Dermatologist” means someone who is expert

in…disease.

A. ears

B. skin

C. teeth

D. neuro

20. How long does he work in “International

Hospital” each day?

A. 5 hours

B. 6 hours

C. 7 hours

D. 8 hours.

Text for no 21-22

The Musical Family

Mr. Hadian is a teacher. He has two children. They are Rain, and Irfan. The two children can play musical instruments. Rian, the youngest boy, plays the trumpet. Mr.Hadian himself plays the piano. He teaches music at his children school.

Mr. Hadian is a good musician. He knows much about music and he is a composer, too. Mr. Hadian has many kinds of musical instruments at home. He and his children often play as a group at school parties. Once, they played on television for music program. They love music very much.

21. What does the text tell us about ?

A.  a musical family

B. Mr.  Hadian’s job

C. musical instruments

D. the children’s hobbies

22. What does Mr. Hadian do? He is a …

A. pianist

B. musician

C. teacher

D. composer

Text for no 23-25

Our school is on Jalan Sudirman. It has eighteen classrooms, two laboratories, library, one headmaster’s room, one teachers’ room, one staff room, one music room, computer’s room, and one canteen. We always hold a flag ceremony in our school yard: school yard is not so big, that’s why if we have PE lesson, we practice at the field beside school.

23.  Where do they always hold a flag ceremony?

A.  In the room                C.   Beside their school

B.   At the field                 D.  In their school yard

24. The students don’t practice their PE lesson at the

school yard because it is …

A.  big                             C.   wide

B.   long                           D.  small

25.”We always hold a flag ceremony….” (line 3)

What does the underlined word refer to?

A.  The writer and his teachers

B.   All the teachers of the school

C.   The students in the writer’s class

D.  The writer and his schoolmates

D. PAKET 4

Text for no 1-3

The Earth’s greatest gorge” the Grand Canyon is located in northwestern Arizona. Its vastness is 217 mile long, and its widest it spans over 17 miles across. It is not surprising that it has been designated one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

The walls of the canyon are made of limestone, sandstone, lava and other rocks. As the day passes the rocks reflect different colors. Many tourists come to the canyon just to watch the rocks change color.

Cottonwood and willow trees grow at the bottom of the canyon. Many varieties of cactus grow here as well. The canyon is also home to many animals, such as bobcats, coyotes, kangaroo rats and deer.

Today about 4 million visitors come to the Grand Canyon each year. Seeing the Grand Canyon is always a breathtaking and unforgettable experience.

1. What is the text about?

A. the greatness of Grand Canyon

B.  the most unforgettable experience

C. varieties of plants in Grand Canyon

D. a number of tourists to Grand Canyon

2. What is the main idea of paragraph 3?

A. the creatures live in Grand Canyon

B. Many animals live in Grand Canyon

C. Grand Canyon attracts tourists to come

D. Some plants grow well in Grand Canyon

3. Which of the following sentences is not true?

A. the Grand Canyon is situated in Arizona

B. 4 million visitors come to canyon annually

C. Many kinds of animals live in the canyon

D. Only varieties of cactus grow in the

canyon

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