NOTICE ( PEMBERITAHUAN )

BAB 1

NOTICE/CAUTION/WARNING

(SKL no 1)


I. RANGKUMAN MATERI

Notice/caution: adalah salah satu text fungsional yang berupa petunjuk agar seseorang melakukan atau tidak melakukan sesuatu. Notice/caution ini dapat berupa phrasa (gabungan kata), clausa (kalimat), atau berupa  gambar/tanda/sign.

Warning: Larangan agar supaya seseorang tidak melakukan hal tersebut karena dianggap sangat berbahaya. Jadi, warning hampir sama seperti notice tapi tingkat bahayanya lebih tinggi dari notice. Sehingga larangannya bersifat lebih keras.

Soal yang biasanya muncul dalam notice/caution:

  1. Function/purpose of the text ( fungsi / tujuan text ):

-         What is the function of the text?

-         What is the purpose of the notice?

Functions of the notice:

  1. To give instruction/to instruct people: untuk memberi petunjuk.
  2. To give direction: untuk memberi arahan.
  3. To ask people to…: untuk meminta orang supaya…..
  4. To advice/to suggest/to recommend people to..: untuk menganjurkan orang supaya……
  5. To remaind people to…: Untuk mengingatkan seseorang supaya….
  6. To warn/to give warning; untuk memberi peringatan
  7. To ban/to forbid/to prohibit people to..: untuk melarang orang untuk….
  1. Meaning: arti/makna  notice tersebut

-         What does the notice mean?

-         The notice means……

Notice/caution menurut maknanya pada dasarnya dibagi menjadi dua jenis:

  1. Notice yang berupa arahan atau petunjuk.

Notice ini bisa berupa kalimat perintah, ajakan, nasehat, arahan atau petunjuk. Bisa juga berupa gambar/sign/tanda tertentu.

Seperti: Be silent. SLIPPERY ROAD, BE CAREFUL

Contoh notice arahan yang berupa gambar

  1. Notice yang berupa larangan.

Notice ini berupa kalimat larangan, (No, Don’t, Never), atau berupa gambar/tanda/sign yang diberi tanda garis miring atau tanda silang (crossing).

Misalnya     : Don’t be noisy, No parking, never speak up.

Contoh notice larangan yang berupa gambar.

Meaning of the notice:

a. Jika notice tersebut berupa arahan, maka maknanya akan identik dengan

kalimat-kalimat yang mengandung makna:

( hafalkan kosa kata berikut)

- can/may                                                         : boleh

- must/have to                                                   : harus

- should                                                            : hendaknya, seyogyanya

- allowed/permitted/let                          : diperbolehkan

- suggested/recommended                                : dianjurkan

- asked/hoped                                                  : diminta/diharapkan

b. Jika notice tersebut berupa larangan, maka maknanya akan identik dengan

kalimat-kalimat yang mengandung makna:

( hafalkan kosa-kata berikut)

- can’t/may not/must not                                   : tidak boleh

- forbidden/banned/prohibited               : dilarang

- not allowed/not permitted                               : tidak diperbolehkan

- not suggested/not recommended                     : tidak dianjurkan

  1. Notice tersebut biasanya terdapat dimana.

-         Where can we usually find such a notice?

-         We usually find the notice in……

Untuk menjawab pertanyaan tersebut, kita pahami dulu makna notice tersebut. Biasanya notice terdapat dalam kehidupan kita sehari-hari, sehingga soal sperti ini akan mudah kita kerjakan.

II. CONTOH SOAL DALAM MATERI UNAS

1. What does the notice on the right mean?

Keep the

Room Clean

A.  Do not throw rubbish in the room

B.  Do not destroy everything in the room

C.  Do not sleep in the room

D.  Do not speak in the room

(UNAS th 2006/2007 Paket 15. soal no 7)

Jawab: A.

Pembahasan:

2. What is the text about?

A.  How to avoid accident

B.  The way to block the sunlight

C.  How to close the lid

D.  The way to store a medicine

(UNAS th 2006/2007 PAKET 15 soal no 21)

Jawab: D.

Pembahasan:

3. Where do you usually find the sign above?

A.  In the supermarket C.  At the train station

B.  In the garden           D.  At the airport

(UNAS th 2006/2007 PAKET 15 soal no 42)

Jawab: A

Pembahasan:

4. Look at the following notice.

NO ENTRY

What does the notice above mean?

A.  We are not allowed to walk near the place

B.  We are not allowed to come in the place

C.  We are forbidden to get out from the place

D.  We are forbidden to put something in the place.

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 15 soal no 43)

Jawab: B

Pembahasan:

5. Read the following notice, It is put on the glass door.

No children under 10 years

What does it mean

A.  We don’t have children under 10 years old.

B.  Children under 10 years old must enter the room

C.  Children under 10 years old mustn’t enter the room

D.  There are no children under 10 years old in that room.

(UNAS th 2007/2008 PAKET 15 soal no 1)

Jawab: D

Pembahasan:

6. The following warning means that pedestrians should … the grass.

Keep off the grass

A.  not cut                      C.  not keep

B.  not water                 D.  not walk on

(UNAS th 2007/2008 PAKET 15 soal no 4)

Jawab: D

Pembahasan:

7. Study the notice!

What does the notice above mean?

A.  We don’t have to dry our hands

B.  We can’t use our hand to dry something

C.  We should use the dryer to dry our hands

D.  We should use our hand to dry something

(UNAS 2007/2008 PAKET 15 soal no. 7)

Jawab:  C

Pembahasan:

In case of fire don’t use lift

but use fire exit door

8. Where do you Usually find the caution’?

A.   Near the windows of the house   C.  At the door in a small house

B.   On the wall in a motel                    D.  On the lift in a building

(UNAS 2008/2009 PAKET 15 soal no 7)

Jawab; D

Pembahasan:

9. Look at the traffic sign! It means …

A.  the road is winding

B.  the road is slippery

C.  the car may not enter this street

D.  there are a lot of winding turns

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 48 soal no 7)

Jawab:

Pembahasan:

KEEP CLEAN THE

CLASSROOM

10. The sentence above means … in the classroom.

A.  don’t make any noise

B.  don’t throw rubbish anywhere

C.  put the books on the bookshelf

D.  put the rubbish on the floor

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 48 soal no 21)

Jawab:

10. B

Pembahasan:

Text for no 11

Switch off all electronic appliances when you don’t need them.

11. We will find kind of instruction in the following places, EXCEPT…

A.  at home                   C.  in the office

B.  at school                  D.  along the street

12. Which of the following sentences best explains the above sign?

A.  If you break any of the articles you should pay for it

B.  You don’t have to buy articles that are broken

C.  In this section you will only find broken articles

D.  The shop sells special broken articles

(UNAS 2006/2007 PAKET 48 soal no 42-43)

Jawab:

11.

Pembahasan;

12.

Pembahasan:

III. EVALUASI SOAL

A. PAKET 1

Text for no 1-2

UNIVERSITY PARK

Opening Hours:

July-Dec 6.00 am – 9.30 pm

Jan-June 7.00 am – 9.00 pm

  1. What is the function of the text?
  1. To give information about the place for parking in University Park
  2. To give instruction about parking in University Park
  3. To give the descriptions about parking area in University park
  4. To explain how to open the parking area in University Park
  1. How long does the park open on September?
    1. Nine hours
    2. Fifty and a half  hours
    3. fifteen and a half hours
    4. Eleven hours

Text for no 3

ICU ( INTENSIVE CARE UNIT)

  1. The notice means….
    1. Only patients can enter the room
    2. It is special room for doctors and nurse
    3. The room is only for critical patients
    4. It is a special and an expensive room in the hospital

Text for no 4-5

PRIVATE & CONFIDENTAL

Must only be opened by the addressee

  1. You have a letter addressed to Ghani Anderson which has this message on the envelope.

This means that you must……

    1. open the letter immediately
    2. wait until you are alone to open it
    3. give it to Ghani unopened
    4. open it and then give it t Ghani
  1. The function of the notice is…..
    1. to allow all people to open the letter
    2. to ask the reader not to open the letter
    3. to prohibit Ghani to open the letter
    4. to let Ghani send the letter

Text for no 6

EXIT INSECTICIDE

DON’T INHALE

DON’T LICK

KEEP OUT FROM THE REACH OF CHILDREN

  1. The notice gives us the instructions to…
    1. keep the insecticide in children’s room
    2. avoid the insecticide from children
    3. ask us to inhale the insecticide
    4. prohibit the reader to use the insecticide

Text for no 7-8

DON’T PICK ME OUT. KEEP US GROW WELL

  1. Where do you usually find such a notice?
    1. In the zoo
    2. In the parking area
    3. In the playground
    4. In the park
  1. It means…
    1. People are banned to grow the plants
    2. People are suggested to pick up the plants
    3. People must pick and grow the plants
    4. People are forbidden to pick out the plants
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One Response

  1. THANK YOU SO MUCH…. IT’S SO help me :)

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